Co-creationCollaborative cultureCulture changeInnovative cultureMarketing 3.0

Key concepts of tourism 3.0: Tourists 3.0, the creative society

The main drivers of the socio-cultural change entailing the aforementioned trends are called the “creative society”, hereby referred to as “Tourists 3.0”. Such tourists are concerned about the impact of the tourism activity on the environment and the local communities, and are driven by the aim for contribution to make the world a better place, and for spiritual fulfillment above other motivations, which makes them the primary target to take into account in mission driven destinations.

Tourists 3.0 are engaged in communities and are very active in social media networks, where they are opinion leaders and change agents. Such networks are becoming the main and most trusted source of information for most consumers who increasingly trust other consumers rather than companies. It is through these social networks that consumers share their knowledge and are to share stories about the life-changing experiences offered in the destinations.

Unlike typical passive consumers, tourists 3.0 are willing to take an active role in their relationships with their favorite brands, through co-creation of products and marketing contents. They want to be active players in the brand’s marketing activities, mostly through the social media networks. They are the ones who hold the community’s trust, and so have the power to decide which brands are to be supported.

In the destination, they look for authentic experiences through which to develop new skills, learn about new realities, cultures, and ways of life, which open their mindset and ultimately change or influence his life. These are the so called life-changing experiences that set destinations 3.0 apart from others.

Beyond developing life-changing experiences, what challenges do you think that tourists 3.0 pose to the destination’s executives to leverage all their influence power?

Collaborative cultureMarketing 3.0Sustainability

Key concepts of tourism 3.0: Human spirit driven mission

As with non-profit organizations, destinations approaching the “Vision of tourism 3.0” intend to address some of the issues that concern the stakeholder community, primarily related to environmental protection, socio-cultural transformation and poverty alleviation.

Such a mission is at the core of the destination model’s value proposition and hence is also the essence of its brand identity, being the main driver of the so called “human spirit marketing”. This new marketing concept approaches not only the clients’ needs and emotions, but also their spirit. Such a mission has to be the primary goal of the destination model, to really engage all kinds of stakeholders. Only by being faithful to the mission will the destination model keep the stakeholders commitment and transform them into an expanding network of brand ambassadors who end up being the drivers of the destination’s marketing system.

Such a mission and its related vision is the guiding force that motivates all stakeholders to contribute to the expansion of the destination model, bringing in all their creativity and effort in benefit to the community.

What types of missions do you envision to commit the local community and appeal to the tourists’ human spirit?

Collaborative business modelsMarketing 3.0

Key concepts of tourism 3.0: Collaborative business models

Tourism 3.0 embraces many trends and concepts already existing in the most innovative industries, though not all concepts may always be applied together, as explained in the three proposed approaches and the corresponding case studies.

Understanding these concepts is essential to envision the different approaches presented, as well as to envision new ones. The challenge of envisioning tourism 3.0 is just at the outset, and is to be continually demanding new approaches so long as destinations require their own adaptations to the local culture and stakeholder status quo.

Collaborative destination models are the destination’s business models operating like a platform that facilitates interaction between local service suppliers and tourists. As in many business models in other industries, multi-sided platforms are like scenarios or marketplaces where players with complementary interests interact and exchange goods or services. As explained in the upcoming White Paper “Envisioning destination models 3.0”, these may have multiple kinds of players beyond service suppliers and tourists, entailing volunteers, non-profit organizations, sponsors, investors, etc.

These destination models fully embrace the trend of collaborative consumption, already ingrained in many business sectors, and increasingly present in the tourism industry. The main advantage of this type of model is that it empowers the local community of stakeholders to bring in their value not only benefiting the platform, but also the rest of the community by fostering entrepreneurship at the base of the pyramid and being able to keep ownership of their business. Further, it leverages the community’s creativity through participation in innovation practices.

What kind of collaborative business models would you suggest to develop tourism 3.0 at the local level, apart from the proposed multi-sided models?

Business model innovationMarketing 3.0Tourism trends

The Vision of Tourism 3.0

As the world is evolving at a faster pace than ever before, so are the needs, motivations, and concerns that drive the evolution of modern societies, and hence the kind of relationship that customers wish to develop with brands, as well as what they expect from them, which ultimately challenges business models to reinvent themselves towards the so called Marketing 3.0 approach.

As explained by Philip Kotler in his book “Marketing 3.0”, this new approach considers customers as values-driven people and potential collaborators. They are increasingly concerned about issues such as poverty alleviation, sociocultural change and environmental sustainability, and expect brands to address its related challenges. Companies should embed these issues deeply within their mission, leading to a new perspective that ultimately transforms the lives of the stakeholders.

Such a mission needs to be spread to all potential stakeholders with compelling stories that engage them to become part of the solution. Such stories raise the concept of marketing to the field of values, intending to leap forward from functional and emotional marketing to human spirit marketing.

Marketing 3.0 also embraces the new social wave, where customers are more aware and active, empowering them not only to participate by giving their opinions about products and marketing campaigns but also to co-create them, thus becoming key players within the marketing strategies. This new approach demands marketers to understand human anxieties and desires, which nowadays are increasingly rooted in creativity, culture, and the environment.

The tourism industry has embraced many of these trends and concerns with the raise of phenomena such as ecotourism or responsible tourism. However, these businesses usually remain at small scale and niche focused, at a disadvantage to most conventional ones, mostly in terms of marketing power.

The next destination generation intends to address these drawbacks by fostering collaboration among all destination stakeholders (employees, customers, shareholders, suppliers, government, partners, travel agents, local community, etc.) to create authentic and life-transforming experiences that appeal not only to the tourists’ functional and emotional needs, but also to their human spirit.

Furthermore, this collaboration and community involvement is leveraged to create stories about the experiences happening in the destination, which ultimately become the main marketing content drawing attention and engaging tourists and other potential stakeholders.

Therefore, the vision of Tourism 3.0 consists of a tourism development based upon collaborative business models operating as open innovation ecosystems, where all stakeholders are empowered to participate in the generation of experiences and stories that address their concerns and focus on their functional, emotional, and spiritual fulfillment.

The mission of this blog is to share and discuss ideas on how to design and develop strategies to transform destinations towards the principles of the tourism 3.0.