Trends shaping the present and future of the tourism industry and case studies
What is a SMART destination? These may be defined in many ways. They are destinations that think and advance strategically, improving competitiveness and searching positioning through effectiveness. Becoming a SMART is no more than a strategy to enhance the destination value by leveraging both the cultural and natural heritage, developing innovative resources, improving the efficiency in the production processes and the distribution, which finally propels the sustainable development. This transformation generates positive effects in all sub-sectors such as energy, health services, security, culture, etc. thanks to the cross-destination impact of the tourism activity.
The key concepts that set SMART destinations apart from conventional ones are accessibility, innovation, technology and sustainability. Among these concepts, new technologies are the ones which are more likely to be perceived by the tourist, namely mobile applications, augmented reality and everything related to data smart management.
There are 4 key concepts upon which Smart destinations are developed:
- Technology/Big Data
• Sustainability: social, economic, cultural and environmental
The development of the SMART concept in destinations consists mainly in working to attain a higher profitability in the daily exploitation of the resources. This is to be achieved by engaging both the local community and the tourists in order to enhance interaction between them. There are already some examples of Smart destinations, such as El Hierro island in the Canary Archipelago. Some of its main achievements are the energetic self-sufficiency and the pollution reduction, which have been achieved through actions such as:
- Waste converted into energy
- Environment camouflage of telecom and energy facilities and equipment (solar panels, antenna, etc.) within the landscape.
- Reduction of the visual impact in the buildings and facilities construction, by using local volcanic stone instead of bricks.
- It has gained awareness and branding by sharing and marketing its experiences in the social networks.
Other actions carried out in SMART destinations encompass:
- Mobile Applications
- Tourism Intelligence System, including data transportation and information Smart management, which altogether turn the destination into a SMART destination.
- Smart office; a common working place where to unify processes which produces a work synergy and allows sense and common methodology guidelines in the transformation towards an intelligent city.
- Beaches with free wifi
It is important to mention Singapore Smart City, which is on the way to become the first SMART nation worldwide. The country is working on its Master Plan for the next 10 years, which will be focused on the development of smart communities propelled by integration and innovation.
This blogpost is based on http://www.visionesdelturismo.es/smart-destinations/