The clusters may be created as a result of many different phenomena, though in the case of tourism destinations this is usually the concentration of natural or cultural heritage. However, it is interesting to see how some tourism clusters are created following a story very similar to that of industrial clusters. This is the case of Theme Park clusters.
Clusters are a key concept to design competitive destinations as to ensure their sustainable development. However, it is necessary to consider many factors to make the clustering strategy work, where cooperation between various agents is crucial.
Regardless of the destination’s dimension, tourism planning should always consider its cluster structure: to what extent may the destination be split into areas according to distinct natural features or different types of business concentration?
Implementing new strategies is likely to require new resources, namely human resources. Further, it may be necessary to refine the strategy to convince and enforce some private stakeholders to cooperate with the destination development
Implementing the competitiveness programs entails setting clear and measurable key performance indicators for each program. They are to help us assessing the success of each program along the implementation process.
The Open innovation system is to be one of the main sources of ideas for product improvement and new product development. There are, however, many ways to canalize the creativity from the open innovation system