In Tourism 3.0, revenue streams are a result of the customer engagement in the mission accomplishment. Depending on every business model, there could be several kinds of revenue streams:
- Sales of merchandising products (through licensing designs to manufacturers)
- Service sales (accommodation, activities, food & beverage) from integrated business units
- License fees to local service providers in some cases
- Brokerage fees for the booking platform service
- Renting fees for renting premises and facilities to local service providers or partners
- Service fees to partners for training or providing technical assistance
- Asset sales (real estate investments)
- Service suppliers’ advertising in the online marketing platform (paid premium advertising space)
When providing services to the local service partners, there could be two main revenue models:
- “Service based fee” model, in which the local partner pays to the platform for the training or technical assistance services used, at an advantageous fee, leveraging the negotiation power of the platform.
- “Flat service fee” model, in which the local service partners have to pay a fix fee to the platform, allowing them to use a portfolio of services without extra charge.
In between these two opposite models, there may be many intermediate ones, in which there is a fix monthly service fee which gives right to service supplies up to a limit, from which services are payable. Further, such service fees may be subsidized by the platform -especially for the micro-entrepreneurs in the poorer layers of the community-, or to be also funded through the micro-loans. All these issues are to be discussed during the business model design phase with the local community leaders, as they are closely related to the local culture.
This section should include a diagram depicting the evolution of the revenue streams along the different stages of development, in contrast with the evolution of costs over these development stages. This diagram would visually depict whether some customer segments subsidize other segments, or some business units subsidize others, especially in the early development stages. The diagram should also include a break-even analysis to show when the platform is expected to generate profits.
Hereby it is important to remark that one of the main goals of the open innovation system –within its business model innovation section- is to create new revenue streams, increase the existing ones, and reduce costs, for this scheme may change over time, if the circumstances advise to do so.
Do you envision other sources of revenue?